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Next GESI SocioDemo Seminar

We are glad to invite you at the next GESI SocioDemo Seminar of 2024, on Tuesday 16 April at 14:30: How school closures affected students’ performance and inequalities. Evidence from Italian municipalities Authors Paul Maneuvrier-Hervieu (Università di Milano) Leo Azzollini (Università di Oxford) Anne-Marie Jeannet (Università di Milano) Further details Tuesday 16 April 2024, h. […]

GESI meeting in Catania

On 7-8 March 2024, Gesi researches of Milan and Catania units met to discuss about the on-going field researches and related publications. Participants: Maurizio Avola, Davide Arcidiacono, Rosario D’Agata, Rossella Bozzon, Simona Gozzo, Fabrizio Ferreri, Francesca Montemagno, Alfredo Miceli (online), Nazareno Panichella, Francesca Tomatis, Maria Giulia Montanari, Valeria Breuker, Hanne Gaukel. Thank for the great […]

Last GESI SocioDemo Seminar

We are glad to invite you at the GESI SocioDemo Seminar on Tuesday, 20 February at 14:30. Francesco Molteni (University of Milan) will present his joint work with Giulia Dotti Sani and Ismail Lamamra (University of Milan), titled: “Stuck in the middle? Perceived discrimination and cultural assimilation of second-generation Muslim youth in Europe” Tuesday 20 […]

About us

The GESI (Geography and Social Inequality in Italy) project investigates how the geographical area of origin affects different aspects of individuals’ life courses (educational and occupational opportunities, social mobility pathways, family dynamics and internal geographical mobility) and reverberates on social inequalities in life outcomes in Italy.

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Latest publications

GESI research just published

Abstract: Geographical mobility plays a crucial role in shaping demographic and social change, yet few studies have examined its impact on occupational success and the transmission of social inequality across generations. This study aims to investigate the effect of internal migration on occupational status in Italy, exploring whether men and women experience a benefit or disadvantage from South-to-North migration, and if this effect is influenced by family status and social class of origin. The research is based on the Italian Household Longitudinal Survey and utilizes a set of fixed effects linear regression panel models combined with Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM). Results show that only men benefit from migration, while women experience a disadvantage, which increases when they move after union formation and the transition to parenthood. Furthermore, the impact of geographical mobility on occupational status varies based on social class of origin only for men, with those from higher classes experiencing a much greater migration benefit than those from medium and lower classes. These findings demonstrate that geographical mobility serves as an additional source of advantage for individuals from higher social classes. The positive effect on male occupational success compounds with family-related benefits, further widening social disparities between individuals in different social strata.

Authors: Nazareno Panichella and Stefano Cantalini

Keywords: Internal migration · Occupation · Inequality

Full article available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11113-023-09824-9