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GESI at Sud/South SSG Event

Today, December 1st 2023, several GESI researchers participated in the XIII Edition of the Interdisciplinary Study Day in Economic-Political Geography “BEYOND GLOBALIZATION: Sud/South”, organized by the Society of Geographical Studies (SSG) at the COSPECS Department of the University of Messina. Three presentations were discussed, all with a focus on the inner areas of Southern Italy: […]

Next GESI Seminar

We invite you to the next GESI Seminar on Wednesday, 22nd November 2023 at 14:30. Antonina Zhelenkova (University of Milan) will present her research on The impact of social origin on the motherhood employment penalty and its heterogeneity by partner’s social class and country context Both live and online participation is welcome! SPS Seminar Room […]

SocioDemo Seminars re-started!

On 18 October 2023 we inaugurated a new cicle of GESI SocioDemo Seminars for the academic year 2023/2024, with the engaging presentation on the interrelation between Unemployment and Political Trust at individual, regional and national levels, held by Leo Azzolini (Univerity of Oxford). Next appointment on 21 November 2023 with Antonina Zhelenkova – stay tuned! […]

About us

The GESI (Geography and Social Inequality in Italy) project investigates how the geographical area of origin affects different aspects of individuals’ life courses (educational and occupational opportunities, social mobility pathways, family dynamics and internal geographical mobility) and reverberates on social inequalities in life outcomes in Italy.

3D earth graphic symbolizing global trade, vector illustration.


Latest publications

GESI research just published

Abstract: Geographical mobility plays a crucial role in shaping demographic and social change, yet few studies have examined its impact on occupational success and the transmission of social inequality across generations. This study aims to investigate the effect of internal migration on occupational status in Italy, exploring whether men and women experience a benefit or disadvantage from South-to-North migration, and if this effect is influenced by family status and social class of origin. The research is based on the Italian Household Longitudinal Survey and utilizes a set of fixed effects linear regression panel models combined with Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM). Results show that only men benefit from migration, while women experience a disadvantage, which increases when they move after union formation and the transition to parenthood. Furthermore, the impact of geographical mobility on occupational status varies based on social class of origin only for men, with those from higher classes experiencing a much greater migration benefit than those from medium and lower classes. These findings demonstrate that geographical mobility serves as an additional source of advantage for individuals from higher social classes. The positive effect on male occupational success compounds with family-related benefits, further widening social disparities between individuals in different social strata.

Authors: Nazareno Panichella and Stefano Cantalini

Keywords: Internal migration · Occupation · Inequality

Full article available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11113-023-09824-9