Next GESI SocioDemo Seminar

We are glad to invite you at the next GESI SocioDemo Seminar of 2024, on Tuesday 16 April at 14:30:

How school closures affected students’ performance and inequalities.
Evidence from Italian municipalities

Authors
Paul Maneuvrier-Hervieu (Università di Milano)
Leo Azzollini (Università di Oxford)
Anne-Marie Jeannet (Università di Milano)

Further details
Tuesday 16 April 2024, h. 14.30-16.300
You can participate in presence:
SPS Seminar Room (1st FLOOR, CONSERVATORIO SIDE – via Conservatorio 7, Milan)
or online:
Online: MS TEAMS (link: urly.it/3_2a0) Meeting ID: 340 531 961 849 Password: acaqX6

Abstract
The global COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant changes in the field of education. Schools had to close, and students had to switch to online learning. This study aims to identify and examine three distinct school closure policies: one that applies to all schools universally, and two others that vary in terms of location and timing. We investigate how these policies have influenced the academic skills of students in mathematics and language in Italy. To do this, we consider the various ways different municipalities responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. We use data at the municipal level and measure the extent of school closures. Through a series of balancing and falsification tests, we determine that, in most cases, the implementation of the school closure policy was approximately random within provinces. Consequently, we estimate the effects of a school closure policy through fixed-effect models, relying on variation across municipalities within the same province. Our primary findings reveal the negative consequences of a more stringent school closure policy compared to the national lockdown in the first half of 2020. This policy negatively affected both mathematical and language skills. This impact can be summarized as a learning loss of about one and a half years. It’s important to note, however, that families from privileged socioeconomic backgrounds have shown the ability to partially compensate for this loss within a year.

Leaflet
16 4 24 Seminario Socio demo Paul Maneuvrier Hervieu

GESI meeting in Catania

On 7-8 March 2024, Gesi researches of Milan and Catania units met to discuss about the on-going field researches and related publications.

Participants: Maurizio Avola, Davide Arcidiacono, Rosario D’Agata, Rossella Bozzon, Simona Gozzo, Fabrizio Ferreri, Francesca Montemagno, Alfredo Miceli (online), Nazareno Panichella, Francesca Tomatis, Maria Giulia Montanari, Valeria Breuker, Hanne Gaukel.

Thank for the great hospitality in the beautiful Catania!

(Gesi unit of Milan)

Last GESI SocioDemo Seminar

We are glad to invite you at the GESI SocioDemo Seminar on Tuesday, 20 February at 14:30.
Francesco Molteni (University of Milan) will present his joint work with Giulia Dotti Sani and Ismail Lamamra (University of Milan), titled:

“Stuck in the middle?
Perceived discrimination and cultural assimilation
of second-generation Muslim youth in Europe”

Tuesday 20 February 2024, h. 14.30-16.30

You can participate in presence or online. Further details:
SPS Seminar Room (I FLOOR, CONSERVATORIO SIDE – via Conservatorio 7, Milan)
or
MS TEAMS (link: urly.it/3-16b) ID riunione: 376 132 828 582 Passcode: PZSm8C

Abstract
This study examines cultural assimilation of immigrants in Europe, focusing on differences in attitudes towards gender roles, same-sex relationships, traditionalism, and religiosity between first and second generation immigrants and natives. It also considers the influence of religious background, perceived discrimination, and age on these differences, using two theoretical arguments (Cultural Proximity and Blocked Acculturation). The results show that, overall, second-generation migrants are more similar to natives across religious backgrounds. However, migrants from Muslim-majority countries still lag behind natives, though they are closing the gap faster than other migrants. Additionally, Muslim youth are assimilating less, particularly among those who perceive themselves as discriminated against. This suggests a form of “blocked acculturation” among younger second-generation immigrants of Muslim background.

Click here to download the leaflet

GESI presenting at SISEC 2024!

Starting from today 31 January until Saturday 3 February 2024, several GESI researchers are presenting their on-going studies at the VIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Economic Sociology (SISEC) titled “Employment, firms and territories between closeness and distance” at the University of Cagliari.

Join us at the Session 6 “Migrations, Inequalities and Territories” (room 12), coordinated by Professors Maurizio Avola, Roberto Impicciatore, and Nazareno Panichella.

Seminar at University of Trento

Today the Center for Social Inequality Studies (CSIS) of University of Trento invited Prof. Nazareno Panichella (GESI’s principal investigator) to hold a Brown Bag Seminar on

Family Migration and Women’s Occupational Attainment over the Life Course.
An Empirical Analysis of the Tied Migration Argument in Interregional Internal Migration in Europe


Abstract
This study investigates the impact of geographical mobility and family dynamics on women’s employment outcomes in Europe, identifying patterns of (dis)advantages that accumulate over the life course. Specifically, the study focuses on interregional migration within Europe and tests the tied migration argument, which suggests that migration decisions are primarily influenced by the husband’s human capital, resulting in women becoming “tied migrants”. The study aims to understand whether this pattern of tied migration, where the husband’s employment goals take priority, negatively affects women’s occupational integration. Using ShareLife data, the study employs a set of linear regression panel models with hybrid RE-FE effects combined with coarsened exact matching (CEM). The results indicate that single women benefit from geographical mobility, while married or engaged women are penalized across all migration patterns, particularly when they are tied movers. The results also reveal the negative impact of family separation on the employment probability of women, particularly when they remain in their place of origin while their partner migrates. Additionally, the study finds that less-educated women are more negatively impacted by tied migration, while tertiary-educated women benefit from all migration patterns. Finally, the study highlights the long-term patterns of (dis)advantages that women face in the labour market due to family migration dynamics. The results suggest that family migration dynamics exacerbate the differences in the occupational outcomes of women with diverse family arrangements, emphasizing the importance of considering family migration dynamics in understanding the challenges of occupational integration faced by immigrant women.

News from GESI researches!

This article in the local newspaper ‘NebrodiNews’ discusses our field researches on ‘inner areas’. In this case the focus is on the municipality of Castel di Lucio, where the GESI Unit of Catania collected several in-depth interviews to the inhabitants.

Take a look at the article (in Italian) here.

1st GESI Seminar of the year!

We invite you at the 1st GESI SocioDemo Seminar of 2024, on Tuesday 16 January at 14:30. Emanuele Fedeli (University of Trento) will present his joint work with Moris Triventi (University of Milan) titled

How school closures affected students’ performance and inequalities. Evidence from Italian municipalities.

You can participate in presence or online.

Further details:
Tuesday 16 January 2024, h. 14.30-16.30
SPS Seminar Room (I FLOOR, CONSERVATORIO SIDE – via Conservatorio 7, Milan)
or
MS TEAMS: https://msteams.link/2C0H (ID riunione: 329 063 003 323 Passcode: rKN6L4)

Abstract
The global COVID-19 pandemic has caused significant changes in the field of education. Schools had to close, and students had to switch to online learning. This study aims to identify and examine three distinct school closure policies: one that applies to all schools universally, and two others that vary in terms of location and timing. We investigate how these policies have influenced the academic skills of students in mathematics and language in Italy. To do this, we consider the various ways different municipalities responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. We use data at the municipal level and measure the extent of school closures. Through a series of balancing and falsification tests, we determine that, in most cases, the implementation of the school closure policy was approximately random within provinces. Consequently, we estimate the effects of a school closure policy through fixed-effect models, relying on variation across municipalities within the same province. Our primary findings reveal the negative consequences of a more stringent school closure policy compared to the national lockdown in the first half of 2020. This policy negatively affected both mathematical and language skills. This impact can be summarized as a learning loss of about one and a half years. It’s important to note, however, that families from privileged socioeconomic backgrounds have shown the ability to partially compensate for this loss within a year.

GESI SocioDemo Seminar

Today, Rocco Molinari from the University of Bologna presented
his joint work with Roberto Impicciatore and Livia Elisa Ortensi titled

Legal Status and Immigrants’ Fertility in Italy:
Investigating Previous Undocumented Histories

Stay tuned for the next appointment on 16th January 2024!

Continue reading

GESI at Sud/South SSG Event

Today, December 1st 2023, several GESI researchers participated in the XIII Edition of the Interdisciplinary Study Day in Economic-Political Geography “BEYOND GLOBALIZATION: Sud/South”, organized by the Society of Geographical Studies (SSG) at the COSPECS Department of the University of Messina.

Three presentations were discussed, all with a focus on the inner areas of Southern Italy:

Maria Rita Testa, Eleonora Meli and Barbara Brollo Dinamiche di fecondità del Sud Italia, tra intenzioni e fecondità effettiva

Fabrizio Ferreri, Alfredo Miceli, Maurizio Avola and Davide Arcidiacono Dalla condiscendenza alla coscienza di luogo: quale modello di sviluppo emerge dalle aree interne?

Simona Gozzo, Francesca Montemagno and Francesca Tomatis Emergenza dello svantaggio e mediazione politica: quale governance per lo sviluppo del territorio?

Next GESI Seminar

We invite you to the next GESI Seminar on Wednesday, 22nd November 2023 at 14:30.

Antonina Zhelenkova (University of Milan) will present her research on
The impact of social origin on the motherhood employment penalty and
its heterogeneity by partner’s social class and country context

Both live and online participation is welcome!

SPS Seminar Room (1st floor, Conservatorio side)
Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Economiche e Sociali in via Conservatorio n. 7, Milano

MS TEAMS (link: https://urly.it/3y707) ID riunione: 312 495 645 066 Passcode: AmMLec

Chair:  Francesca Tomatis (University of Milan)

Abstract:  The study is focused on the interplay between the family-of-origin (social class of origin) and the family of-destination (motherhood, partner’s resources) factors in shaping women’s employment outcomes. Although several studies have examined the role of education for women’s employment, there is no evidence on how social origin, net of educational achievement, might impact the labour market outcomes associated with motherhood and how this effect might change depending on partner’s resources and country context. Using SHARELIFE data and random effects models, the study shows that mothers with advantaged social origins have higher chances of being employed compared to mothers with less privileged backgrounds, net of the educational level. This effect is further amplified with the increase of the number of children, whereas the role of the partner’s resources in the interplay with a woman’s social origin is limited. A country comparative analysis shows that the employment disadvantage of mothers from working-class families compared to mothers from middle- or upper-class families is relatively larger in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland,  characterized by limited support for female workforce participation, traditional gender role attitudes, as well as highly rigid (Germany, Austria) or highly competitive and segmented (Switzerland) labour markets. At the same time, the differences are less pronounced in Sweden characterized by extensive public support for childcare, open and egalitarian mobility opportunities, as well as in Southern European countries where average female employment rates are the lowest so that the direct effect of social origin makes no difference for motherhood penalties.